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Texas Summary
Population: 20,844,340
Area: 220685.27 sq. miles
Land: 219,326.69 sq. miles (99.38 %)
Water: 1,358.57 sq. miles (0.62 %)
Population Density: 95.04 people per sq. mile
Elevation: 988.0 feet above sea level
Time Zone: Mountain (GMT -7)
Daylight Savings: Yes
Texas Details
Texas Area Codes
Texas cities with population over 1 Million
Dallas (1,261,999)
Houston (2,571,090)
San Antonio (1,311,184)
  
Texas cities with population over 500,000
Austin (779,789)
El Paso (634,327)
Fort Worth (678,401)
  
Texas cities with population over 100,000
Abilene (118,088)
Amarillo (199,967)
Arlington (338,858)
Beaumont (138,352)
Brownsville (159,481)
Carrollton (109,919)
Corpus Christi (278,829)
Denton (101,129)
Garland (215,555)
Grand Prairie (125,411)
Irving (192,610)
Katy (113,001)
Killeen (127,329)
Laredo (190,759)
Lubbock (219,631)
Mcallen (108,661)
Mesquite (145,653)
Midland (114,192)
Mission (114,124)
Odessa (120,928)
Pasadena (137,372)
Plano (225,287)
San Angelo (100,260)
Spring (205,301)
Sugar Land (108,607)
Tyler (123,705)
Waco (140,043)
Texas cities with population over 50,000
Baytown (84,475)
Bryan (76,579)
College Station (75,997)
Conroe (86,158)
Edinburg (87,523)
Euless (51,138)
Galveston (59,813)
Harlingen (81,052)
Humble (71,547)
Huntsville (58,149)
Kingwood (53,604)
Lewisville (92,994)
Longview (93,041)
Lufkin (57,243)
Mckinney (62,984)
Missouri City (65,701)
Nacogdoches (50,742)
New Braunfels (54,912)
North Richland Hills (54,195)
Orange (50,358)
Pearland (60,120)
Port Arthur (56,966)
Richardson (91,495)
Round Rock (78,055)
San Marcos (51,452)
Temple (60,114)
Texarkana (57,484)
Victoria (78,478)
Weatherford (50,232)
Weslaco (51,320)
Wichita Falls (99,287)

Texas Demographics

Texas Gender Distribution

Gender Distribution
GenderNumberPercentNational Avg.
Male10,349,05449.65 %49.04 %
Female10,495,28650.35 %50.96 %
Males / Female0.99-0.96
Total Population20,844,340100.00 %-
Additional Gender Reports

Texas Age Distribution

Chart | Pie
Age Distribution
Age GroupNumberPercentNational Avg.
Under 5 years1,624,1877.79 %6.83 %
5 to 9 years1,653,6257.93 %7.31 %
10 to 14 years1,630,5097.82 %7.30 %
15 to 19 years1,635,6767.85 %7.20 %
20 to 24 years1,539,0347.38 %6.75 %
25 to 34 years3,161,23215.17 %14.17 %
35 to 44 years3,321,06415.93 %16.01 %
45 to 54 years2,610,14812.52 %13.37 %
55 to 59 years896,0284.30 %4.79 %
60 to 64 years701,2273.36 %3.84 %
65 to 74 years1,142,0155.48 %6.53 %
75 to 84 years691,7283.32 %4.38 %
85 years and over237,8671.14 %1.50 %
Age StatisticsNumberPercentNational Avg.
Median age (years)36.1-37.7
18 years and over14,959,65371.77 %74.27 %
Male
7,335,37535.19 %35.85 %
Female
7,624,27836.58 %38.42 %
21 years and over13,976,79267.05 %69.92 %
62 years and over2,478,03611.89 %14.65 %
65 years and over2,071,6109.94 %12.42 %
Male
861,7214.13 %5.12 %
Female
1,209,8895.80 %7.30 %
Additional Age Reports

Texas Racial Profile

Chart | Pie
Racial Profile Chart
RaceNumberPercentNational Avg.
One race20,329,88997.53 %97.55 %
White
14,793,18670.97 %75.21 %
Black or African American
2,404,46811.54 %12.26 %
American Indian and Alaska Native
118,3010.57 %0.87 %
Asian
562,3022.70 %3.59 %
Asian Indian
129,3590.62 %0.59 %
Chinese
105,8270.51 %0.85 %
Filipino
58,3370.28 %0.65 %
Japanese
17,1180.08 %0.28 %
Korean
45,5700.22 %0.38 %
Vietnamese
134,9590.65 %0.39 %
Other Asian
71,1320.34 %0.45 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
14,4320.07 %0.14 %
Native Hawaiian
3,4750.02 %0.05 %
Guamanian or Chamorro
3,6390.02 %0.02 %
Samoan
2,4910.01 %0.03 %
Other Pacific Islander
4,8270.02 %0.04 %
Some other race
2,437,20011.69 %5.48 %
Hispanic StatisticsNumberPercentNational Avg.
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)6,667,01531.98 %13.70 %
Mexican
5,069,79524.32 %7.24 %
Puerto Rican
69,5000.33 %2.46 %
Cuban
25,7040.12 %0.44 %
Other Hispanic or Latino
1,502,0167.21 %3.55 %
Not Hispanic or Latino14,177,32568.02 %86.30 %
Additional Race Distribution Reports

Texas Social Profile

Texas School Enrollment

Chart | Pie
School Enrollment Chart
School EnrollmentNumberPercentNational Avg.
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school5,946,422100.00 %-
Nursery school, preschool
390,0206.56 %6.47 %
Kindergarten
348,0925.85 %5.43 %
Elementary school (grades 1-8)
2,706,28945.51 %43.92 %
High school (grades 9-12)
1,299,35721.85 %21.38 %
College or graduate school
1,202,66420.23 %22.81 %
Additional School Enrollment Reports

Texas Education Level

Chart | Pie
Education Level Chart
Education LevelNumberPercentNational Avg.
Population 25 years and over12,786,188100.00 %-
Less than 9th grade
1,464,56411.45 %7.55 %
9th to 12th grade, no diploma
1,648,60012.89 %12.05 %
High school graduate (includes equivalency)
3,175,50324.84 %28.63 %
High school or higher
9,673,02475.65 %80.40 %
Some college, no degree
2,857,71922.35 %21.05 %
Associate degree
668,3315.23 %6.32 %
Bachelor's degree
1,995,57415.61 %15.54 %
Bachelor's degree or higher
2,971,47123.24 %24.40 %
Graduate or professional degree
975,8977.63 %8.86 %
Additional Education Attainment Reports

Texas Ancestry Distribution

Ancestry Distribution
AncestryNumberPercentNational Avg.
Total ancestries reported19,479,284100.00 %-
Arab63,7330.33 %0.42 %
Czech187,6560.96 %0.59 %
Danish43,7110.22 %0.50 %
Dutch202,5021.04 %1.58 %
English1,462,3987.51 %8.53 %
French (except Basque)466,6982.40 %2.90 %
French Canadian88,9630.46 %0.85 %
German2,068,13310.62 %14.93 %
Greek32,3190.17 %0.40 %
Hungarian30,2310.16 %0.49 %
Irish1,507,2717.74 %10.65 %
Italian363,3291.87 %5.47 %
Lithuanian12,5860.06 %0.23 %
Norwegian118,9390.61 %1.56 %
Polish228,2881.17 %3.12 %
Portuguese16,5500.08 %0.41 %
Russian56,4620.29 %0.92 %
Scotch-Irish337,5221.73 %1.50 %
Scottish289,7291.49 %1.70 %
Slovak10,3410.05 %0.28 %
Subsaharan African132,7540.68 %0.62 %
Swedish127,8370.66 %1.39 %
Swiss28,7740.15 %0.32 %
Ukrainian15,5740.08 %0.31 %
United States or American1,553,1087.97 %7.18 %
Welsh81,0930.42 %0.61 %
West Indian (excluding Hispanic groups)40,3310.21 %0.65 %
Other ancestries9,912,45250.89 %31.89 %
Additional Ancestry Reports

Texas Economy

Texas Employment

GroupNumberPercentNational Avg.
Population 16 years and over15,611,974100.00 %-
Males 16 years and over
7,653,59649.02 %48.32 %
Females 16 years and over
7,958,37850.98 %51.68 %
In labor force
9,933,81163.63 %63.63 %
Males in labor force
5,461,76454.98 %53.52 %
Females in labor force
4,472,04745.02 %46.48 %
Civilian labor force
9,827,22062.95 %63.10 %
Employed
9,231,22359.13 %59.39 %
Unemployed
595,9973.82 %3.71 %
Unemployment level
-6.00 %5.84 %
Armed Forces
106,5910.68 %0.53 %
Not in labor force
5,678,16336.37 %36.37 %
Chart | Pie
Employment Type Chart
Employment TypeNumberPercentNational Avg.
Private wage and salary workers7,200,68278.00 %78.40 %
Government workers1,346,24514.58 %14.66 %
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business653,0127.07 %6.64 %
Unpaid family workers31,2840.34 %0.31 %
Additional Labor Reports

Texas Occupations

Chart | Pie
Occupation Chart
OccupationNumberPercentNational Avg.
Management, professional, and related occupations3,077,65133.34 %33.60 %
Service occupations1,350,82214.63 %14.87 %
Sales and office occupations2,515,08227.25 %26.70 %
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations60,9130.66 %0.74 %
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations1,008,14310.92 %9.47 %
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations1,218,61213.20 %14.63 %
Additional Occupation Reports

Texas Employment by Industry

Chart | Pie
Industry Chart
IndustryNumberPercentNational Avg.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining246,3402.67 %1.87 %
Construction743,5128.05 %6.80 %
Manufacturing1,093,64311.85 %14.09 %
Wholesale trade362,8503.93 %3.60 %
Retail trade1,107,76912.00 %11.73 %
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities535,3595.80 %5.19 %
Information283,2513.07 %3.08 %
Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing630,0636.83 %6.87 %
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services878,6229.52 %9.28 %
Educational, health and social services1,779,31919.28 %19.92 %
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services672,8677.29 %7.86 %
Other services (except public administration)480,6645.21 %4.88 %
Public administration416,9644.52 %4.83 %
Additional Industry Employment Reports

Texas Income

Chart | Pie
Household Income Chart
Household IncomeNumberPercentNational Avg.
Households7,394,705100.00 %106,788,273
Less than $10,000
767,27010.38 %9.86 %
$10,000 to $14,999
490,8946.64 %6.40 %
$15,000 to $24,999
1,003,57013.57 %12.89 %
$25,000 to $34,999
995,81313.47 %12.79 %
$35,000 to $49,999
1,218,93516.48 %16.44 %
$50,000 to $74,999
1,359,04318.38 %19.30 %
$75,000 to $99,999
705,5279.54 %10.14 %
$100,000 to $149,999
535,8767.25 %7.65 %
$150,000 to $199,999
153,4472.08 %2.18 %
$200,000 or more
164,3302.22 %2.35 %
Median household income (dollars)$37,718.88-$39,349.33
Average household size2.69-2.58
Average income per member of household$14,019.28-$15,252.86
Additional Income Reports

Texas Commute

Chart | Pie
Commute Chart
TypeNumberPercentNational Avg.
Workers 16 years and over9,154,763100.00 %100.00 %
Car, truck, or van - drove alone
7,113,31777.70 %75.65 %
Car, truck, or van - carpooled
1,325,61714.48 %12.23 %
Public transportation (including taxicab)
170,2631.86 %4.73 %
Walked
173,5281.90 %2.94 %
Other means
120,2391.31 %1.20 %
Worked at home
251,7992.75 %3.25 %
Mean travel time to work (minutes)26.5533 minutes-26.3 minutes
Additional Commuting Reports

Texas Housing

Texas Occupancy

Housing OccupancyNumberPercentNational Avg.
Total housing units8,152,578100.00 %117,282,697
Occupied housing units
7,390,59690.65 %91.00 %
Owner-occupied housing units
4,715,20357.84 %60.30 %
Renter-occupied housing units
2,675,39332.82 %30.70 %
Vacant housing units
761,9829.35 %9.00 %
For seasonal or occasional use
171,9392.11 %3.06 %
Homeowner vacancy rate2.56 %-2.21 %
Rental vacancy rate9.33 %-7.86 %
Average household size of owner-occupied unit2.71-2.62
Average household size of renter-occupied unit2.67-2.45
Additional Occupancy Reports

Texas Structures

Chart | Pie
Structures Chart
Structure TypeNumberPercentNational Avg.
Total housing units8,152,818100.00 %-
1-unit, detached
5,168,23263.39 %60.37 %
1-unit, attached
248,9573.05 %5.68 %
2 units
170,6462.09 %4.29 %
3 or 4 units
272,9843.35 %4.72 %
5 to 9 units
356,0634.37 %4.66 %
10 to 19 units
351,8594.32 %3.99 %
20 or more units
819,09910.05 %8.59 %
Mobile home
730,7988.96 %7.49 %
Boat, RV, van, etc.
34,1800.42 %0.22 %
Additional Housing Structures Reports

Texas Rooms

Chart | Pie
Rooms Chart
Rooms per residence unitNumberPercentNational Avg.
Total housing units8,152,818100.00 %-
1 room
207,4722.54 %2.21 %
2 rooms
510,3166.26 %4.88 %
3 rooms
981,09612.03 %10.06 %
4 rooms
1,327,58316.28 %15.95 %
5 rooms
1,832,16422.47 %20.92 %
6 rooms
1,473,36218.07 %18.39 %
7 rooms
855,81710.50 %11.98 %
8 rooms
501,0606.15 %7.99 %
9 or more rooms
463,9485.69 %7.63 %
Median (rooms)5.1-5.5
Occupants per roomNumberPercentNational Avg.
Occupied housing units7,390,812100.00 %-
1.00 or less
6,693,46090.56 %85.63 %
1.01 to 1.50
361,7024.89 %2.83 %
1.51 or more
335,6504.54 %2.54 %
Additional Rooms Reports

Texas Household Heating

Chart | Pie
Household Heating Pie Chart
Household heating fuel typeNumberPercentNational Avg.
Utility gas3,192,11139.15 %46.07 %
Bottled, tank, or LP gas468,6395.75 %5.96 %
Electricity3,650,16244.77 %27.62 %
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.5,4480.07 %8.06 %
Coal or coke3410.00 %0.12 %
Wood31,9960.39 %1.51 %
Solar energy1,6210.02 %0.05 %
Other fuel9,5330.12 %0.35 %
No fuel used30,9610.38 %1.25 %
Additional Household Heating Reports

Texas Property Value

Chart | Pie
Property Pie Chart
Property TypeNumberPercentNational Avg.
Specified owner-occupied units3,848,989100.00 %-
Less than $50,000
875,16522.74 %10.14 %
$50,000 to $99,999
1,561,28340.56 %30.62 %
$100,000 to $149,999
700,79618.21 %23.60 %
$150,000 to $199,999
335,1488.71 %14.50 %
$200,000 to $299,999
223,9495.82 %11.81 %
$300,000 to $499,999
104,8142.72 %6.42 %
$500,000 to $999,999
37,6970.98 %2.34 %
$1,000,000 or more
10,1370.26 %0.56 %
Additional Property Value Reports

Texas Mortgage Status

Chart | Pie
Mortgage Payment Pie Chart
Mortgage paymentsNumberPercentNational Avg.
With a mortgage2,471,77964.22 %69.56 %
Less than $300
20,3820.53 %0.50 %
$300 to $499
165,8964.31 %3.97 %
$500 to $699
374,5699.73 %8.97 %
$700 to $999
706,80718.36 %17.28 %
$1,000 to $1,499
710,85818.47 %20.91 %
$1,500 to $1,999
278,9417.25 %9.93 %
$2,000 or more
214,3265.57 %7.99 %
Not mortgaged1,377,21035.78 %30.44 %
Chart | Pie
Mortgage Payment as Percentage of Income Pie Chart
Mortgage payment as a percentage of incomeNumberPercentNational Avg.
Less than 15 percent1,567,79440.73 %36.58 %
15 to 19 percent701,71518.23 %17.40 %
20 to 24 percent509,11613.23 %13.85 %
25 to 29 percent315,2918.19 %9.40 %
30 to 34 percent192,3225.00 %6.01 %
35 percent or more522,18213.57 %15.91 %
Not computed40,5691.05 %0.85 %
Additional Mortgage Reports

Texas Rent Status

Chart | Pie
Rent Payment Pie Chart
Rent payment amountNumberPercentNational Avg.
Specified renter-occupied units2,648,598100.00 %100.00 %
Less than $200
117,2944.43 %5.40 %
$200 to $299
123,8774.68 %5.26 %
$300 to $499
665,41025.12 %22.00 %
$500 to $749
981,58037.06 %33.46 %
$750 to $999
408,13215.41 %17.03 %
$1,000 to $1,499
167,9046.34 %8.60 %
$1,500 or more
41,1701.55 %2.89 %
No cash rent
143,2315.41 %5.35 %
Median (dollars)868,08532.78 %44.00 %
Chart | Pie
Rent Payment as Percentage of Income Pie Chart
Rent payment as a percentage of incomeNumberPercentNational Avg.
Less than 15 percent498,36718.82 %18.07 %
15 to 19 percent405,67615.32 %14.26 %
20 to 24 percent356,01913.44 %12.73 %
25 to 29 percent269,70710.18 %10.37 %
30 to 34 percent191,3057.22 %7.32 %
35 percent or more717,12327.08 %29.47 %
Not computed210,4017.94 %7.77 %

Texas Vehicle Usage

Chart | Pie
Vehicle Usage Pie Chart
Vehicles per householdNumberPercentNational Avg.
None548,0346.72 %9.57 %
12,657,56932.60 %31.22 %
23,023,71937.09 %34.76 %
3 or more1,161,49014.25 %15.45 %
Additional Vehicle Usage Reports
 
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