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Area Code 978 Detailed Profile

Area Code 978 Summary
Area code 978 is assigned to Massachusetts
Latitude: 42.576421
Longitude: -71.416409
Population: 1,405,321
Area: 1830.61 sq. miles
Land: 1782.51 sq. miles
Water: 48.10 sq. miles
Population Density: 788.39 people per sq. mile
Elevation: 143.9 feet above sea level
Time Zone: Eastern (GMT -5)
Daylight Savings: Yes
Area Code 978 Zip Codes
Cities with population over 100,000
Boston (359,585)
Cambridge (101,391)
Lowell (105,167)
Worcester (173,950)
Cities with population over 50,000
Framingham (67,108)
Haverhill (58,969)
Lawrence (71,959)
 
Towns with population under 50,000
Acton (19,828)
Amesbury (16,450)
Andover (31,247)
Ashburnham (5,554)
Ashby (2,845)
Athol (12,922)
Ayer (8,042)
Baldwinville (3,097)
Barre (5,077)
Berlin (2,380)
Beverly (39,862)
Billerica (29,408)
Bolton (4,148)
Boxborough (4,868)
Boxford (7,921)
Byfield (2,945)
Carlisle (4,717)
Chelmsford (25,359)
Clinton (13,435)
Concord (17,076)
Danvers (25,212)
Dracut (28,562)
Dunstable (2,826)
East Templeton (137)
Erving (871)
Essex (3,267)
Fitchburg (39,100)
Gardner (21,130)
Georgetown (7,377)
Gloucester (30,273)
Groton (9,547)
Groveland (6,038)
Harvard (5,000)
Hubbardston (3,909)
Hudson (18,113)
Ipswich (12,987)
Lancaster (7,273)
Leominster (41,410)
Littleton (8,180)
Lunenburg (9,403)
Manchester (5,228)
Maynard (10,433)
Merrimac (6,138)
Methuen (43,873)
Middleton (7,744)
New Salem (873)
Newbury (2,693)
Newburyport (18,268)
North Andover (27,202)
North Billerica (9,960)
North Chelmsford (8,511)
North Reading (13,881)
Orange (7,583)
Peabody (48,129)
Pepperell (11,142)
Petersham (1,171)
Princeton (3,353)
Rockport (7,767)
Rowley (5,500)
Royalston (1,251)
Salem (40,407)
Salisbury (7,827)
Shirley (6,373)
South Hamilton (8,315)
Sterling (7,257)
Still River (230)
Stow (5,902)
Sudbury (16,845)
Templeton (3,228)
Tewksbury (28,464)
Topsfield (6,141)
Townsend (6,200)
Tyngsboro (11,072)
Village Of Nagog Woods (420)
Warwick (750)
Wendell (891)
Wendell Depot (90)
Wenham (4,440)
West Newbury (4,149)
West Townsend (2,998)
Westford (20,754)
Westminster (6,904)
Wilmington (21,319)
Winchendon (9,586)
Woburn (37,258)

Area Code 978 Demographics

Area Code 978 Gender Distribution

Gender Distribution
GenderNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Male687,01848.89 %48.18 %49.04 %
Female718,30351.11 %51.82 %50.96 %
Males / Female0.96-0.930.96
Total Population1,405,321100.00 %--
Additional Gender Reports

Area Code 978 Age Distribution

Chart | Pie
Age Distribution
Age GroupNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Under 5 years93,2086.63 %6.26 %6.83 %
5 to 9 years102,0127.26 %6.79 %7.31 %
10 to 14 years100,7757.17 %6.79 %7.30 %
15 to 19 years91,0366.48 %6.55 %7.20 %
20 to 24 years80,1675.70 %6.37 %6.75 %
25 to 34 years198,29914.11 %14.60 %14.17 %
35 to 44 years248,92617.71 %16.74 %16.01 %
45 to 54 years198,79014.15 %13.76 %13.37 %
55 to 59 years68,6314.88 %4.88 %4.79 %
60 to 64 years50,9833.63 %3.72 %3.84 %
65 to 74 years88,3276.29 %6.74 %6.53 %
75 to 84 years61,6724.39 %4.97 %4.38 %
85 years and over22,4951.60 %1.84 %1.50 %
Age StatisticsNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Median age (years)37.3-38.637.7
18 years and over1,054,42275.03 %76.37 %74.27 %
Male
506,93836.07 %36.06 %35.85 %
Female
547,48438.96 %40.31 %38.42 %
21 years and over1,001,52371.27 %72.26 %69.92 %
62 years and over201,74414.36 %15.71 %14.65 %
65 years and over172,49412.27 %13.55 %12.42 %
Male
68,7654.89 %5.38 %5.12 %
Female
103,7297.38 %8.17 %7.30 %
Additional Age Reports

Area Code 978 Racial Profile

Chart | Pie
Racial Profile Chart
RaceNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
One race1,377,49498.02 %97.70 %97.55 %
White
1,223,29187.05 %84.54 %75.21 %
Black or African American
34,2762.44 %5.41 %12.26 %
American Indian and Alaska Native
2,8240.20 %0.24 %0.87 %
Asian
59,1304.21 %3.75 %3.59 %
Asian Indian
11,7410.84 %0.69 %0.59 %
Chinese
17,0181.21 %1.33 %0.85 %
Filipino
1,3840.10 %0.13 %0.65 %
Japanese
1,8980.14 %0.17 %0.28 %
Korean
4,2950.31 %0.27 %0.38 %
Vietnamese
5,0810.36 %0.53 %0.39 %
Other Asian
17,7131.26 %0.63 %0.45 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
4670.03 %0.04 %0.14 %
Native Hawaiian
1160.01 %0.01 %0.05 %
Guamanian or Chamorro
1010.01 %0.01 %0.02 %
Samoan
880.01 %0.01 %0.03 %
Other Pacific Islander
1620.01 %0.01 %0.04 %
Some other race
57,5064.09 %3.73 %5.48 %
Hispanic StatisticsNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)111,2547.92 %6.75 %13.70 %
Mexican
4,6440.33 %0.35 %7.24 %
Puerto Rican
48,2313.43 %3.14 %2.46 %
Cuban
1,7830.13 %0.14 %0.44 %
Other Hispanic or Latino
56,5964.03 %3.12 %3.55 %
Not Hispanic or Latino1,294,06792.08 %93.25 %86.30 %
Additional Race Distribution Reports

Area Code 978 Social Profile

Area Code 978 School Enrollment

Chart | Pie
School Enrollment Chart
School EnrollmentNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school386,428100.00 %--
Nursery school, preschool
29,0847.53 %7.12 %6.47 %
Kindergarten
19,8285.13 %5.01 %5.43 %
Elementary school (grades 1-8)
166,62143.12 %40.73 %43.92 %
High school (grades 9-12)
77,26820.00 %19.71 %21.38 %
College or graduate school
93,62724.23 %27.43 %22.81 %
Additional School Enrollment Reports

Area Code 978 Education Level

Chart | Pie
Education Level Chart
Education LevelNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Population 25 years and over938,311100.00 %--
Less than 9th grade
52,8395.63 %5.79 %7.55 %
9th to 12th grade, no diploma
83,7998.93 %9.44 %12.05 %
High school graduate (includes equivalency)
254,46827.12 %27.27 %28.63 %
High school or higher
801,67385.44 %84.76 %80.40 %
Some college, no degree
160,07417.06 %17.09 %21.05 %
Associate degree
70,2397.49 %7.21 %6.32 %
Bachelor's degree
189,47520.19 %19.53 %15.54 %
Bachelor's degree or higher
316,89233.77 %33.19 %24.40 %
Graduate or professional degree
127,41713.58 %13.66 %8.86 %
Additional Education Attainment Reports

Area Code 978 Ancestry Distribution

Ancestry Distribution
AncestryNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Total ancestries reported1,647,559100.00 %--
Arab11,4750.70 %0.73 %0.42 %
Czech2,8670.17 %0.21 %0.59 %
Danish3,6410.22 %0.22 %0.50 %
Dutch9,6180.58 %0.60 %1.58 %
English180,76910.97 %9.88 %8.53 %
French (except Basque)135,1808.20 %6.96 %2.90 %
French Canadian90,8545.51 %4.25 %0.85 %
German83,5845.07 %5.16 %14.93 %
Greek25,3331.54 %1.07 %0.40 %
Hungarian4,1050.25 %0.25 %0.49 %
Irish316,57619.21 %19.54 %10.65 %
Italian200,13112.15 %11.77 %5.47 %
Lithuanian10,6430.65 %0.70 %0.23 %
Norwegian8,8580.54 %0.49 %1.56 %
Polish60,3503.66 %4.42 %3.12 %
Portuguese37,3092.26 %3.83 %0.41 %
Russian19,4741.18 %1.51 %0.92 %
Scotch-Irish24,0591.46 %1.36 %1.50 %
Scottish40,8932.48 %2.22 %1.70 %
Slovak1,4290.09 %0.09 %0.28 %
Subsaharan African7,0710.43 %1.10 %0.62 %
Swedish25,8811.57 %1.63 %1.39 %
Swiss2,2280.14 %0.14 %0.32 %
Ukrainian3,9710.24 %0.31 %0.31 %
United States or American55,8353.39 %3.35 %7.18 %
Welsh5,4480.33 %0.32 %0.61 %
West Indian (excluding Hispanic groups)7,0870.43 %1.11 %0.65 %
Other ancestries272,89016.56 %16.76 %31.89 %
Additional Ancestry Reports

Area Code 978 Economy

Area Code 978 Employment

GroupNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Population 16 years and over1,090,755100.00 %--
Males 16 years and over
524,30948.07 %47.30 %48.32 %
Females 16 years and over
566,44651.93 %52.70 %51.68 %
In labor force
736,39667.51 %66.21 %63.63 %
Males in labor force
389,15052.85 %51.89 %53.52 %
Females in labor force
347,24647.15 %48.11 %46.48 %
Civilian labor force
735,59567.44 %66.11 %63.10 %
Employed
703,39964.49 %63.09 %59.39 %
Unemployed
32,1962.95 %3.01 %3.71 %
Unemployment level
-4.37 %4.55 %5.84 %
Armed Forces
8010.07 %0.11 %0.53 %
Not in labor force
354,35932.49 %33.79 %36.37 %
Chart | Pie
Employment Type Chart
Employment TypeNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Private wage and salary workers569,83481.01 %79.99 %78.40 %
Government workers87,32812.42 %13.46 %14.66 %
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business44,9526.39 %6.37 %6.64 %
Unpaid family workers1,2850.18 %0.18 %0.31 %
Additional Labor Reports

Area Code 978 Occupations

Chart | Pie
Occupation Chart
OccupationNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Management, professional, and related occupations296,94542.22 %41.08 %33.60 %
Service occupations88,93712.64 %14.06 %14.87 %
Sales and office occupations176,87525.15 %25.90 %26.70 %
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations1,3820.20 %0.21 %0.74 %
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations51,9267.38 %7.46 %9.47 %
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations87,33412.42 %11.28 %14.63 %
Additional Occupation Reports

Area Code 978 Employment by Industry

Chart | Pie
Industry Chart
IndustryNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining3,0190.43 %0.39 %1.87 %
Construction36,9265.25 %5.50 %6.80 %
Manufacturing124,55817.71 %12.82 %14.09 %
Wholesale trade24,1503.43 %3.27 %3.60 %
Retail trade74,22110.55 %11.17 %11.73 %
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities25,9763.69 %4.17 %5.19 %
Information28,4334.04 %3.75 %3.08 %
Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing48,0006.82 %8.21 %6.87 %
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services86,86612.35 %11.56 %9.28 %
Educational, health and social services151,22521.50 %23.75 %19.92 %
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services43,0566.12 %6.77 %7.86 %
Other services (except public administration)29,0814.13 %4.39 %4.88 %
Public administration27,8883.96 %4.25 %4.83 %
Additional Industry Employment Reports

Area Code 978 Income

Chart | Pie
Household Income Chart
Household IncomeNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Households528,608100.00 %2,444,588106,788,273
Less than $10,000
41,7087.89 %8.78 %9.86 %
$10,000 to $14,999
27,3535.17 %5.61 %6.40 %
$15,000 to $24,999
49,3349.33 %10.15 %12.89 %
$25,000 to $34,999
51,0009.65 %10.35 %12.79 %
$35,000 to $49,999
74,81114.15 %14.53 %16.44 %
$50,000 to $74,999
105,32719.93 %20.09 %19.30 %
$75,000 to $99,999
72,69113.75 %12.79 %10.14 %
$100,000 to $149,999
65,43112.38 %10.93 %7.65 %
$150,000 to $199,999
20,3573.85 %3.30 %2.18 %
$200,000 or more
20,5963.90 %3.46 %2.35 %
Median household income (dollars)$61,752.21-$55,837.45$39,349.33
Average household size2.60-2.512.58
Average income per member of household$23,707.99-$22,278.84$15,252.86
Additional Income Reports

Area Code 978 Commute

Chart | Pie
Commute Chart
TypeNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Workers 16 years and over691,502100.00 %100.00 %100.00 %
Car, truck, or van - drove alone
541,46578.30 %73.81 %75.65 %
Car, truck, or van - carpooled
61,0228.82 %9.00 %12.23 %
Public transportation (including taxicab)
30,6394.43 %8.73 %4.73 %
Walked
28,4924.12 %4.34 %2.94 %
Other means
6,8510.99 %0.99 %1.20 %
Worked at home
23,0333.33 %3.14 %3.25 %
Mean travel time to work (minutes)27.9084 minutes-26.9 minutes26.3 minutes
Additional Commuting Reports

Area Code 978 Housing

Area Code 978 Occupancy

Housing OccupancyNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Total housing units551,095100.00 %2,621,986117,282,697
Occupied housing units
528,52595.90 %93.20 %91.00 %
Owner-occupied housing units
342,23762.10 %57.52 %60.30 %
Renter-occupied housing units
186,28833.80 %35.68 %30.70 %
Vacant housing units
22,5704.10 %6.80 %9.00 %
For seasonal or occasional use
6,7851.23 %3.58 %3.06 %
Homeowner vacancy rate0.81 %-1.04 %2.21 %
Rental vacancy rate3.37 %-4.18 %7.86 %
Average household size of owner-occupied unit2.74-2.632.62
Average household size of renter-occupied unit2.10-2.102.45
Additional Occupancy Reports

Area Code 978 Structures

Chart | Pie
Structures Chart
Structure TypeNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Total housing units550,828100.00 %--
1-unit, detached
297,98554.10 %52.42 %60.37 %
1-unit, attached
24,6744.48 %3.97 %5.68 %
2 units
55,43910.06 %11.61 %4.29 %
3 or 4 units
56,45010.25 %11.42 %4.72 %
5 to 9 units
34,5896.28 %5.95 %4.66 %
10 to 19 units
25,4374.62 %4.34 %3.99 %
20 or more units
51,4009.33 %9.34 %8.59 %
Mobile home
4,7100.86 %0.92 %7.49 %
Boat, RV, van, etc.
1440.03 %0.02 %0.22 %
Additional Housing Structures Reports

Area Code 978 Rooms

Chart | Pie
Rooms Chart
Rooms per residence unitNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Total housing units550,828100.00 %--
1 room
11,1922.03 %2.01 %2.21 %
2 rooms
24,7554.49 %4.75 %4.88 %
3 rooms
52,4979.53 %9.72 %10.06 %
4 rooms
81,14614.73 %14.81 %15.95 %
5 rooms
93,02616.89 %19.15 %20.92 %
6 rooms
95,92417.41 %18.30 %18.39 %
7 rooms
75,15313.64 %12.75 %11.98 %
8 rooms
57,74010.48 %9.15 %7.99 %
9 or more rooms
59,39510.78 %9.35 %7.63 %
Median (rooms)5.9-5.75.5
Occupants per roomNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Occupied housing units528,202100.00 %--
1.00 or less
513,82297.28 %90.54 %85.63 %
1.01 to 1.50
8,8621.68 %1.68 %2.83 %
1.51 or more
5,5181.04 %0.98 %2.54 %
Additional Rooms Reports

Area Code 978 Household Heating

Chart | Pie
Household Heating Pie Chart
Household heating fuel typeNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Utility gas242,78544.08 %40.91 %46.07 %
Bottled, tank, or LP gas11,8972.16 %2.45 %5.96 %
Electricity59,97110.89 %11.58 %27.62 %
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.205,51537.31 %36.74 %8.06 %
Coal or coke3680.07 %0.10 %0.12 %
Wood4,1460.75 %0.74 %1.51 %
Solar energy650.01 %0.02 %0.05 %
Other fuel2,0360.37 %0.41 %0.35 %
No fuel used1,4190.26 %0.25 %1.25 %
Additional Household Heating Reports

Area Code 978 Property Value

Chart | Pie
Property Pie Chart
Property TypeNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Specified owner-occupied units275,794100.00 %--
Less than $50,000
1,7270.63 %0.68 %10.14 %
$50,000 to $99,999
19,1776.95 %8.86 %30.62 %
$100,000 to $149,999
49,79718.06 %23.37 %23.60 %
$150,000 to $199,999
65,20423.64 %23.03 %14.50 %
$200,000 to $299,999
80,14529.06 %24.13 %11.81 %
$300,000 to $499,999
46,31516.79 %14.36 %6.42 %
$500,000 to $999,999
12,0554.37 %4.74 %2.34 %
$1,000,000 or more
1,3740.50 %0.85 %0.56 %
Additional Property Value Reports

Area Code 978 Mortgage Status

Chart | Pie
Mortgage Payment Pie Chart
Mortgage paymentsNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
With a mortgage204,15174.02 %71.59 %69.56 %
Less than $300
1730.06 %0.08 %0.50 %
$300 to $499
2,5010.91 %1.23 %3.97 %
$500 to $699
8,9063.23 %3.81 %8.97 %
$700 to $999
29,62610.74 %11.76 %17.28 %
$1,000 to $1,499
72,72226.37 %26.30 %20.91 %
$1,500 to $1,999
50,02218.14 %15.82 %9.93 %
$2,000 or more
40,20114.58 %12.59 %7.99 %
Not mortgaged71,64325.98 %28.41 %30.44 %
Chart | Pie
Mortgage Payment as Percentage of Income Pie Chart
Mortgage payment as a percentage of incomeNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Less than 15 percent89,88432.59 %33.42 %36.58 %
15 to 19 percent49,93818.11 %18.03 %17.40 %
20 to 24 percent43,43715.75 %15.04 %13.85 %
25 to 29 percent29,03310.53 %10.27 %9.40 %
30 to 34 percent18,3266.64 %6.44 %6.01 %
35 percent or more43,80815.88 %16.23 %15.91 %
Not computed1,3680.50 %0.56 %0.85 %
Additional Mortgage Reports

Area Code 978 Rent Status

Chart | Pie
Rent Payment Pie Chart
Rent payment amountNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Specified renter-occupied units185,565100.00 %100.00 %100.00 %
Less than $200
12,6166.80 %7.07 %5.40 %
$200 to $299
10,9065.88 %5.96 %5.26 %
$300 to $499
24,30613.10 %14.12 %22.00 %
$500 to $749
61,28733.03 %28.69 %33.46 %
$750 to $999
42,12222.70 %21.80 %17.03 %
$1,000 to $1,499
20,12210.84 %13.95 %8.60 %
$1,500 or more
7,8864.25 %4.85 %2.89 %
No cash rent
6,3203.41 %3.56 %5.35 %
Median (dollars)76,85141.41 %38.22 %44.00 %
Chart | Pie
Rent Payment as Percentage of Income Pie Chart
Rent payment as a percentage of incomeNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
Less than 15 percent35,21418.98 %18.93 %18.07 %
15 to 19 percent26,75314.42 %14.23 %14.26 %
20 to 24 percent24,17913.03 %12.52 %12.73 %
25 to 29 percent22,79412.28 %11.79 %10.37 %
30 to 34 percent14,2327.67 %7.72 %7.32 %
35 percent or more51,58227.80 %28.63 %29.47 %
Not computed10,8115.83 %6.18 %7.77 %

Area Code 978 Vehicle Usage

Chart | Pie
Vehicle Usage Pie Chart
Vehicles per householdNumberPercentMassachusetts Avg.National Avg.
None56,66510.29 %11.86 %9.57 %
1181,61632.97 %34.47 %31.22 %
2213,67638.79 %35.15 %34.76 %
3 or more76,24513.84 %11.71 %15.45 %
Additional Vehicle Usage Reports
 
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