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Area Code 231 Detailed Profile

Area Code 231 Summary
Area code 231 is assigned to Michigan
Latitude: 44.367624
Longitude: -85.597477
Population: 652,633
Area: 9314.17 sq. miles
Land: 9079.51 sq. miles
Water: 234.66 sq. miles
Population Density: 71.88 people per sq. mile
Elevation: 758.9 feet above sea level
Time Zone: Eastern (GMT -5)
Daylight Savings: Yes
Area Code 231 Zip Codes
49303, 49304, 49307, 49309, 49312, 49322, 49327, 49329, 49332, 49336, 49337, 49338, 49339, 49342, 49346, 49349, 49402, 49405, 49410, 49411, 49412, 49415, 49420, 49421, 49425, 49431, 49436, 49437, 49440, 49441, 49442, 49444, 49445, 49446, 49449, 49451, 49452, 49454, 49455, 49457, 49458, 49461, 49601, 49611, 49612, 49613, 49614, 49615, 49616, 49617, 49618, 49619, 49620, 49621, 49622, 49623, 49625, 49626, 49628, 49629, 49630, 49631, 49632, 49633, 49634, 49635, 49636, 49637, 49638, 49639, 49640, 49642, 49643, 49644, 49645, 49646, 49648, 49649, 49650, 49651, 49653, 49654, 49655, 49656, 49657, 49659, 49660, 49663, 49664, 49665, 49666, 49667, 49668, 49670, 49675, 49676, 49677, 49679, 49680, 49682, 49683, 49684, 49686, 49688, 49689, 49690, 49701, 49705, 49706, 49712, 49713, 49716, 49718, 49720, 49721, 49722, 49727, 49729, 49730, 49740, 49749, 49755, 49761, 49764, 49769, 49770, 49775, 49791, 49799
Cities with population over 100,000
Muskegon (128,926)
   
Cities with population over 50,000
Traverse City (63,855)
   
Towns with population under 50,000
Afton (921)
Alanson (4,607)
Alba (343)
Alden (1,101)
Arcadia (676)
Bailey (1,024)
Baldwin (4,551)
Bear Lake (2,658)
Bellaire (3,970)
Benzonia (2,105)
Beulah (3,086)
Big Rapids (19,166)
Bitely (1,869)
Boon (743)
Boyne City (7,971)
Boyne Falls (1,962)
Branch (1,365)
Brethren (1,060)
Brohman (87)
Brutus (834)
Buckley (2,074)
Cadillac (20,207)
Carp Lake (912)
Cedar (2,711)
Central Lake (2,745)
Charlevoix (9,480)
Chase (1,218)
Cheboygan (14,995)
Conway (83)
Copemish (1,283)
Coral (1,261)
Custer (1,563)
East Jordan (7,136)
Eastlake (290)
Elberta (234)
Elk Rapids (2,314)
Ellsworth (1,656)
Elmira (1,842)
Empire (1,240)
Evart (6,273)
Falmouth (1,148)
Fife Lake (3,490)
Filer City (86)
Fountain (1,683)
Frankfort (3,637)
Free Soil (1,673)
Fremont (11,302)
Fruitport (5,818)
Glen Arbor (554)
Grant (7,769)
Grawn (2,429)
Harbor Springs (7,329)
Harrietta (909)
Hart (6,685)
Hersey (2,379)
Hesperia (6,029)
Holton (3,705)
Honor (1,519)
Howard City (6,865)
Idlewild (685)
Indian River (4,309)
Interlochen (5,002)
Irons (1,766)
Kaleva (1,564)
Kalkaska (8,148)
Kewadin (2,026)
Kingsley (5,744)
Lake Ann (2,502)
Lake City (7,536)
Lake Leelanau (2,086)
Leland (621)
Leroy (3,023)
Levering (2,040)
Ludington (16,507)
Luther (1,454)
Mackinaw City (800)
Mancelona (6,401)
Manistee (14,093)
Manton (5,514)
Maple City (2,047)
Marion (4,245)
Mayfield (39)
Mc Bain (3,329)
Mears (1,675)
Mecosta (2,859)
Merritt (550)
Mesick (3,328)
Montague (6,762)
Morley (3,936)
Mullett Lake (31)
New Era (2,294)
Newaygo (12,118)
Northport (2,106)
Oden (85)
Onekama (1,188)
Paris (1,912)
Pellston (1,515)
Pentwater (2,800)
Petoskey (15,527)
Pierson (2,155)
Pointe Aux Pins (71)
Rapid City (3,104)
Ravenna (6,053)
Reed City (6,915)
Rodney (1,812)
Rothbury (1,834)
Scottville (4,610)
Sears (1,110)
Shelby (5,210)
South Boardman (1,811)
Stanwood (4,581)
Suttons Bay (3,993)
Thompsonville (1,794)
Topinabee (68)
Tustin (2,602)
Twin Lake (9,587)
Walhalla (149)
Wellston (1,630)
White Cloud (8,430)
Whitehall (8,747)
Williamsburg (6,682)
Wolverine (2,112)

Area Code 231 Demographics

Area Code 231 Gender Distribution

Gender Distribution
GenderNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Male324,29549.69 %49.03 %49.04 %
Female328,33850.31 %50.97 %50.96 %
Males / Female0.99-0.960.96
Total Population652,633100.00 %--
Additional Gender Reports

Area Code 231 Age Distribution

Chart | Pie
Age Distribution
Age GroupNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Under 5 years41,0786.29 %6.76 %6.83 %
5 to 9 years46,9817.20 %7.50 %7.31 %
10 to 14 years50,9597.81 %7.52 %7.30 %
15 to 19 years48,8857.49 %7.24 %7.20 %
20 to 24 years36,4925.59 %6.48 %6.75 %
25 to 34 years77,00511.80 %13.71 %14.17 %
35 to 44 years102,20515.66 %16.08 %16.01 %
45 to 54 years90,97413.94 %13.76 %13.37 %
55 to 59 years34,6335.31 %4.89 %4.79 %
60 to 64 years30,0854.61 %3.79 %3.84 %
65 to 74 years50,4887.74 %6.47 %6.53 %
75 to 84 years32,2964.95 %4.36 %4.38 %
85 years and over10,5521.62 %1.43 %1.50 %
Age StatisticsNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Median age (years)39.8-38.237.7
18 years and over483,02274.01 %73.88 %74.27 %
Male
236,80636.28 %35.63 %35.85 %
Female
246,21637.73 %38.25 %38.42 %
21 years and over456,41669.93 %69.57 %69.92 %
62 years and over111,06717.02 %14.46 %14.65 %
65 years and over93,33614.30 %12.27 %12.42 %
Male
40,6466.23 %5.04 %5.12 %
Female
52,6908.07 %7.22 %7.30 %
Additional Age Reports

Area Code 231 Racial Profile

Chart | Pie
Racial Profile Chart
RaceNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
One race642,38998.43 %98.06 %97.55 %
White
597,02291.48 %80.15 %75.21 %
Black or African American
28,9324.43 %14.22 %12.26 %
American Indian and Alaska Native
7,4581.14 %0.59 %0.87 %
Asian
2,4570.38 %1.78 %3.59 %
Asian Indian
3710.06 %0.55 %0.59 %
Chinese
3610.06 %0.33 %0.85 %
Filipino
3270.05 %0.17 %0.65 %
Japanese
1880.03 %0.11 %0.28 %
Korean
5660.09 %0.21 %0.38 %
Vietnamese
2060.03 %0.14 %0.39 %
Other Asian
4380.07 %0.26 %0.45 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
1870.03 %0.03 %0.14 %
Native Hawaiian
630.01 %0.01 %0.05 %
Guamanian or Chamorro
450.01 %0.01 %0.02 %
Samoan
270.00 %0.01 %0.03 %
Other Pacific Islander
520.01 %0.01 %0.04 %
Some other race
6,3330.97 %1.30 %5.48 %
Hispanic StatisticsNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)16,7932.57 %3.26 %13.70 %
Mexican
12,0571.85 %2.22 %7.24 %
Puerto Rican
8770.13 %0.27 %2.46 %
Cuban
1660.03 %0.07 %0.44 %
Other Hispanic or Latino
3,6930.57 %0.69 %3.55 %
Not Hispanic or Latino635,84097.43 %96.74 %86.30 %
Additional Race Distribution Reports

Area Code 231 Social Profile

Area Code 231 School Enrollment

Chart | Pie
School Enrollment Chart
School EnrollmentNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Population 3 years and over enrolled in school169,736100.00 %--
Nursery school, preschool
9,5695.64 %6.23 %6.47 %
Kindergarten
9,9255.85 %5.37 %5.43 %
Elementary school (grades 1-8)
80,45647.40 %44.07 %43.92 %
High school (grades 9-12)
40,84924.07 %21.47 %21.38 %
College or graduate school
28,93717.05 %22.87 %22.81 %
Additional School Enrollment Reports

Area Code 231 Education Level

Chart | Pie
Education Level Chart
Education LevelNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Population 25 years and over428,146100.00 %--
Less than 9th grade
19,9774.67 %4.66 %7.55 %
9th to 12th grade, no diploma
50,35111.76 %11.93 %12.05 %
High school graduate (includes equivalency)
153,45335.84 %31.34 %28.63 %
High school or higher
357,81883.57 %83.41 %80.40 %
Some college, no degree
98,68423.05 %23.33 %21.05 %
Associate degree
32,7527.65 %6.98 %6.32 %
Bachelor's degree
47,32811.05 %13.70 %15.54 %
Bachelor's degree or higher
72,92917.03 %21.76 %24.40 %
Graduate or professional degree
25,6015.98 %8.07 %8.86 %
Additional Education Attainment Reports

Area Code 231 Ancestry Distribution

Ancestry Distribution
AncestryNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Total ancestries reported705,460100.00 %--
Arab1,2290.17 %1.07 %0.42 %
Czech6,1370.87 %0.57 %0.59 %
Danish6,0040.85 %0.41 %0.50 %
Dutch51,4577.29 %4.43 %1.58 %
English77,67811.01 %9.10 %8.53 %
French (except Basque)38,0855.40 %4.51 %2.90 %
French Canadian15,6272.22 %1.77 %0.85 %
German154,19921.86 %18.68 %14.93 %
Greek1,7300.25 %0.41 %0.40 %
Hungarian4,1060.58 %0.90 %0.49 %
Irish75,93710.76 %9.84 %10.65 %
Italian15,7332.23 %4.15 %5.47 %
Lithuanian2,2590.32 %0.29 %0.23 %
Norwegian11,5471.64 %0.79 %1.56 %
Polish46,3406.57 %7.87 %3.12 %
Portuguese1690.02 %0.05 %0.41 %
Russian2,2080.31 %0.65 %0.92 %
Scotch-Irish9,0071.28 %1.20 %1.50 %
Scottish15,0692.14 %2.07 %1.70 %
Slovak1,4280.20 %0.26 %0.28 %
Subsaharan African1,2980.18 %0.47 %0.62 %
Swedish24,0273.41 %1.48 %1.39 %
Swiss2,1660.31 %0.23 %0.32 %
Ukrainian1,8220.26 %0.43 %0.31 %
United States or American43,4776.16 %4.77 %7.18 %
Welsh3,5560.50 %0.47 %0.61 %
West Indian (excluding Hispanic groups)1900.03 %0.10 %0.65 %
Other ancestries92,97513.18 %23.04 %31.89 %
Additional Ancestry Reports

Area Code 231 Economy

Area Code 231 Employment

GroupNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Population 16 years and over503,331100.00 %--
Males 16 years and over
247,49549.17 %48.32 %48.32 %
Females 16 years and over
255,83650.83 %51.68 %51.68 %
In labor force
315,11462.61 %64.56 %63.63 %
Males in labor force
167,88253.28 %53.21 %53.52 %
Females in labor force
147,23246.72 %46.79 %46.48 %
Civilian labor force
314,64062.51 %64.51 %63.10 %
Employed
293,86458.38 %60.78 %59.39 %
Unemployed
20,7764.13 %3.73 %3.71 %
Unemployment level
-6.59 %5.78 %5.84 %
Armed Forces
4740.09 %0.05 %0.53 %
Not in labor force
188,21737.39 %35.44 %36.37 %
Chart | Pie
Employment Type Chart
Employment TypeNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Private wage and salary workers234,86179.92 %83.08 %78.40 %
Government workers34,63811.79 %11.39 %14.66 %
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business23,2777.92 %5.25 %6.64 %
Unpaid family workers1,0880.37 %0.29 %0.31 %
Additional Labor Reports

Area Code 231 Occupations

Chart | Pie
Occupation Chart
OccupationNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Management, professional, and related occupations76,63026.08 %31.48 %33.60 %
Service occupations48,73616.58 %14.82 %14.87 %
Sales and office occupations71,33224.27 %25.60 %26.70 %
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations2,8010.95 %0.46 %0.74 %
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations32,26210.98 %9.17 %9.47 %
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations62,10321.13 %18.48 %14.63 %
Additional Occupation Reports

Area Code 231 Employment by Industry

Chart | Pie
Industry Chart
IndustryNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining6,8202.32 %1.07 %1.87 %
Construction23,8498.12 %6.00 %6.80 %
Manufacturing64,51421.95 %22.55 %14.09 %
Wholesale trade7,5122.56 %3.27 %3.60 %
Retail trade38,42813.08 %11.88 %11.73 %
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities10,0833.43 %4.14 %5.19 %
Information5,0541.72 %2.13 %3.08 %
Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing12,0194.09 %5.32 %6.87 %
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services15,4655.26 %8.00 %9.28 %
Educational, health and social services58,83920.02 %19.87 %19.92 %
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services26,9169.16 %7.57 %7.86 %
Other services (except public administration)13,4684.58 %4.59 %4.88 %
Public administration10,8973.71 %3.62 %4.83 %
Additional Industry Employment Reports

Area Code 231 Income

Chart | Pie
Household Income Chart
Household IncomeNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Households251,194100.00 %3,788,562106,788,273
Less than $10,000
21,9128.72 %8.29 %9.86 %
$10,000 to $14,999
18,3867.32 %5.78 %6.40 %
$15,000 to $24,999
37,55514.95 %12.38 %12.89 %
$25,000 to $34,999
37,65814.99 %12.42 %12.79 %
$35,000 to $49,999
48,68819.38 %16.48 %16.44 %
$50,000 to $74,999
50,16819.97 %20.55 %19.30 %
$75,000 to $99,999
19,9697.95 %11.42 %10.14 %
$100,000 to $149,999
11,2084.46 %8.58 %7.65 %
$150,000 to $199,999
2,7211.08 %2.09 %2.18 %
$200,000 or more
2,9291.17 %2.01 %2.35 %
Median household income (dollars)$37,382.37-$42,880.92$39,349.33
Average household size2.51-2.552.58
Average income per member of household$14,911.20-$16,821.99$15,252.86
Additional Income Reports

Area Code 231 Commute

Chart | Pie
Commute Chart
TypeNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Workers 16 years and over287,912100.00 %100.00 %100.00 %
Car, truck, or van - drove alone
231,00680.23 %83.18 %75.65 %
Car, truck, or van - carpooled
33,76511.73 %9.70 %12.23 %
Public transportation (including taxicab)
1,5650.54 %1.33 %4.73 %
Walked
7,1242.47 %2.24 %2.94 %
Other means
2,6250.91 %0.74 %1.20 %
Worked at home
11,8274.11 %2.81 %3.25 %
Mean travel time to work (minutes)25.4829 minutes-25.8 minutes26.3 minutes
Additional Commuting Reports

Area Code 231 Housing

Area Code 231 Occupancy

Housing OccupancyNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Total housing units338,119100.00 %4,232,228117,282,697
Occupied housing units
250,97474.23 %89.44 %91.00 %
Owner-occupied housing units
200,28659.24 %65.99 %60.30 %
Renter-occupied housing units
50,68814.99 %23.45 %30.70 %
Vacant housing units
87,14525.77 %10.56 %9.00 %
For seasonal or occasional use
69,44320.54 %5.49 %3.06 %
Homeowner vacancy rate2.04 %-1.91 %2.21 %
Rental vacancy rate9.46 %-7.81 %7.86 %
Average household size of owner-occupied unit2.53-2.612.62
Average household size of renter-occupied unit2.43-2.332.45
Additional Occupancy Reports

Area Code 231 Structures

Chart | Pie
Structures Chart
Structure TypeNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Total housing units338,047100.00 %--
1-unit, detached
252,50574.70 %70.58 %60.37 %
1-unit, attached
4,6301.37 %3.90 %5.68 %
2 units
7,7842.30 %3.46 %4.29 %
3 or 4 units
6,5411.93 %2.79 %4.72 %
5 to 9 units
6,9522.06 %4.02 %4.66 %
10 to 19 units
4,9091.45 %3.42 %3.99 %
20 or more units
6,0621.79 %5.12 %8.59 %
Mobile home
45,99913.61 %6.55 %7.49 %
Boat, RV, van, etc.
2,6650.79 %0.18 %0.22 %
Additional Housing Structures Reports

Area Code 231 Rooms

Chart | Pie
Rooms Chart
Rooms per residence unitNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Total housing units338,047100.00 %--
1 room
4,3241.28 %1.18 %2.21 %
2 rooms
9,8422.91 %3.19 %4.88 %
3 rooms
24,3427.20 %7.86 %10.06 %
4 rooms
58,02517.16 %14.15 %15.95 %
5 rooms
79,95423.65 %22.64 %20.92 %
6 rooms
67,17219.87 %20.84 %18.39 %
7 rooms
41,90012.39 %13.28 %11.98 %
8 rooms
26,8797.95 %8.62 %7.99 %
9 or more rooms
25,6097.58 %8.24 %7.63 %
Median (rooms)5.3-5.65.5
Occupants per roomNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Occupied housing units250,957100.00 %--
1.00 or less
244,59297.46 %86.75 %85.63 %
1.01 to 1.50
4,6141.84 %1.77 %2.83 %
1.51 or more
1,7510.70 %0.92 %2.54 %
Additional Rooms Reports

Area Code 231 Household Heating

Chart | Pie
Household Heating Pie Chart
Household heating fuel typeNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Utility gas139,55441.28 %69.97 %46.07 %
Bottled, tank, or LP gas68,06520.13 %8.44 %5.96 %
Electricity11,9223.53 %5.94 %27.62 %
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.16,2224.80 %3.09 %8.06 %
Coal or coke300.01 %0.02 %0.12 %
Wood13,2833.93 %1.29 %1.51 %
Solar energy490.01 %0.02 %0.05 %
Other fuel1,3310.39 %0.44 %0.35 %
No fuel used5010.15 %0.25 %1.25 %
Additional Household Heating Reports

Area Code 231 Property Value

Chart | Pie
Property Pie Chart
Property TypeNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Specified owner-occupied units133,862100.00 %--
Less than $50,000
17,08012.76 %9.90 %10.14 %
$50,000 to $99,999
55,30841.32 %31.36 %30.62 %
$100,000 to $149,999
32,02823.93 %26.59 %23.60 %
$150,000 to $199,999
13,1869.85 %14.97 %14.50 %
$200,000 to $299,999
9,6347.20 %11.11 %11.81 %
$300,000 to $499,999
4,5023.36 %4.59 %6.42 %
$500,000 to $999,999
1,7751.33 %1.22 %2.34 %
$1,000,000 or more
3490.26 %0.26 %0.56 %
Additional Property Value Reports

Area Code 231 Mortgage Status

Chart | Pie
Mortgage Payment Pie Chart
Mortgage paymentsNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
With a mortgage85,81164.10 %69.67 %69.56 %
Less than $300
8210.61 %0.44 %0.50 %
$300 to $499
9,3186.96 %4.71 %3.97 %
$500 to $699
20,75615.51 %11.20 %8.97 %
$700 to $999
29,03621.69 %20.30 %17.28 %
$1,000 to $1,499
17,95813.42 %20.27 %20.91 %
$1,500 to $1,999
5,0433.77 %7.76 %9.93 %
$2,000 or more
2,8792.15 %5.00 %7.99 %
Not mortgaged48,05135.90 %30.33 %30.44 %
Chart | Pie
Mortgage Payment as Percentage of Income Pie Chart
Mortgage payment as a percentage of incomeNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Less than 15 percent58,05643.37 %41.77 %36.58 %
15 to 19 percent23,03517.21 %18.37 %17.40 %
20 to 24 percent17,12012.79 %13.13 %13.85 %
25 to 29 percent10,8418.10 %8.29 %9.40 %
30 to 34 percent6,7705.06 %4.95 %6.01 %
35 percent or more17,05512.74 %12.73 %15.91 %
Not computed9850.74 %0.75 %0.85 %
Additional Mortgage Reports

Area Code 231 Rent Status

Chart | Pie
Rent Payment Pie Chart
Rent payment amountNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Specified renter-occupied units48,369100.00 %100.00 %100.00 %
Less than $200
3,8728.01 %5.52 %5.40 %
$200 to $299
3,5417.32 %5.33 %5.26 %
$300 to $499
17,62236.43 %28.25 %22.00 %
$500 to $749
15,58032.21 %38.29 %33.46 %
$750 to $999
3,3816.99 %12.53 %17.03 %
$1,000 to $1,499
6591.36 %4.39 %8.60 %
$1,500 or more
1630.34 %1.32 %2.89 %
No cash rent
3,5517.34 %4.38 %5.35 %
Median (dollars)59,645123.31 %48.33 %44.00 %
Chart | Pie
Rent Payment as Percentage of Income Pie Chart
Rent payment as a percentage of incomeNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
Less than 15 percent9,12718.87 %20.85 %18.07 %
15 to 19 percent6,99614.46 %14.85 %14.26 %
20 to 24 percent6,36713.16 %12.39 %12.73 %
25 to 29 percent5,09610.54 %10.03 %10.37 %
30 to 34 percent3,4857.21 %6.77 %7.32 %
35 percent or more13,06627.01 %28.44 %29.47 %
Not computed4,2328.75 %6.66 %7.77 %

Area Code 231 Vehicle Usage

Chart | Pie
Vehicle Usage Pie Chart
Vehicles per householdNumberPercentMichigan Avg.National Avg.
None14,6574.34 %6.86 %9.57 %
180,90723.93 %30.19 %31.22 %
2106,49531.50 %36.42 %34.76 %
3 or more48,89814.46 %15.98 %15.45 %
Additional Vehicle Usage Reports
 
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